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Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia (1596-1662.)

She was the granddaughter of Mary Queen of Scots, and daughter of James I of England. Queen Elizabeth II is Elizabeth’s ninth great-granddaughter.

After many, many suitors tried to court Elizabeth (completely for political and monetary gain) she eventually married Frederick V, Elector Palatine. The marriage was a success, as they produced twelve children (half of which died very young.)

She became Queen of Bohemia in 1619, but after Frederick was defeated in the battle of White Mt., Elizabeth fled in exile to The Hague, where she endured an enormous amount of misfortune. Her reign lasted only one winter- so she is often referred to as “The Winter Queen.”

She received little to no support from connections and relatives, and after exhausting all of her options, retuned to England in 1661. She died in 1662 from complications related to pneumonia. As she never really had claim to any country, her passing was uneventful and only attended by her son Prince Rupert.